Evaluating Risk Factors for Cumulative Life Course Impairment in Psoriasis using Patient-Acceptable Symptom State and European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D)
Risk Factors for CLCI in Psoriasis
Keywords:Cumulative life course impairment, EQ-5D, Patient-acceptable symptom state, Psoriasis, Quality of life
Objective: To evaluated the health-utility values and risk factors for cumulative life course impairment (CLCI) using Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS) and European Quality of Life 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D).
Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional investigation enrolled patients with psoriasis. Patients were asked PASS questions about their overall self-perceived health state, adaptation, and expectations for current, future, and lifelong conditions. The patients also completed EQ-5D.
Results: The mean age of 139 enrolled patients was 45.8 ± 14.4 years, and 57.6% were women. Most cases had chronic plaque psoriasis 121 (87.1%). For current PASS, satisfaction was significantly associated with older age, being married, and lower disease severity. The mean health-utility value and visual analog scale of the 139 patients were 0.89 ± 0.12 and 77.0 ± 17.4, respectively. Patients would not accept their disease if they had moderate to extreme problems in usual activities and depression/anxiety for the future and lifelong. Univariate analysis revealed that depression and usual activities were significantly associated with satisfaction for current PASS, future PASS, and lifelong PASS.
Conclusion: Disease severity, age, marital status, problems with usual activities, and depression/anxiety were significantly related to CLCI. These findings may allow physicians to identify psychosocial and psychological aspects of psoriatic patients at high risk for developing CLCI. Early and adequate treatment, good coping strategies, and good social support can prevent a negative impact on CLCI and major life-changing decisions.
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