Validity and Reliability of a Thai Behavioral and Emotional Screening Tool for Children with Enuresis (TBEST-E)
Keywords:enuresis, neuropsychiatric, psychological, SSIPPE, ADHD
Objective: Psychological comorbidity in children with enuresis is common and its screening is recommended. A brief validated screening instrument is needed for a busy medical practice. This study focused on the development of the Thai Behavioral and Emotional Screening Tool for children with Enuresis (TBEST-E) and aimed to examine its psychometric properties.
Materials and Methods: Using the Short Screening Instrument for Psychological Problems in Enuresis (SSIPPE) as a template, the 15-item with a yes/no answer format of the TBEST-E was developed for the screening of emotional problems (7 items), attention and hyperactivity/impulsivity problems (3 items each), and oppositional defiant symptoms (2 items). The parents of the children with enuresis completed the TBEST-E and the behavioral rating scale “Thai Youth Checklist” (TYC). The optimal cut-off for further assessment, the sensitivity, and the specificity the TBEST-E were identified using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves.
Results: After an adaptation following comments from three child psychiatrists, the TBEST-E showed a content validity of 0.9, an internal consistency of 0.71. A total of 33 children with enuresis (median age = 9, interquartile range = 6.5-11 years) were recruited. Further assessment was indicated when one of the following occurred; at least 3 emotional problems; 3 attention problems; or 2 hyperactivity/impulsivity together with 2 oppositional defiant symptoms. The overall sensitivity and specificity were 0.88 and 0.71 respectively with the accuracy of 0.84 (95% CI = 0.68-0.95).
Conclusion: The TBEST-E is time-efficient and has acceptable psychometric properties in early detection of common psychological problems in children with enuresis.
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