Surveying to the Measurement of Electromagnetic Field Intensity from Mobile Phone Base Stations in Bangkok and Perimeter

Main Article Content

Arinya Pongsathornpisuth
Apichanan Kongthana

Abstract

       According to Bureau of Radiation and Medical Devices, Department of Medical Sciences often received complaints about people health concerns from Electromagnetic field of Mobile phone basestation. Mobile phone basestation density must increase follow demand. In the present, 4G technology that requires the installation of more mobile phone basestations. Therefore, to relieve the concern from exposure the electromagnetic field from the mobile phone basestations. The research team therefore conducted a survey to measure the electromagnetic field intensity from the 1,656 mobile phone basestations in Bangkok and in Mueang district of Perimeter in 2019. In order to know whether the magnetic field intensity value from mobile phone basestations is higher than the international standard and how dangerous. By evaluating the electromagnetic field intensity use comparison with the standard values of the electromagnetic field exposure of the general public according to ICNIRP standards. It was found that the electromagnetic field intensity all 50 districts of Bangkok and 5 Mueang district of , were significantly lower than the international standards. The area of Pathumwan has the highest electromagnetic field intensity of about 0.005741 W/m2. The second, Bang Na District has the approximate value of 0.004590 W/m2. For the metropolitan area Mueang District of Samut Prakan Province has the highest electromagnetic field intensity about 0.002723 W/m2. The second area, Mueang District of Samut Sakhon Province with the value of 0.001533 W/m2. The value is thousand times below the standard criteria. Which shows that the electromagnetic waves from mobile phone base stations are very low, that is, the electromagnetic waves from the measured mobile phone base stations pose a relatively low risk or impact on people.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Laboratory Findings

References

Gómez-Perretta C, Navarro EA, Segura J, Portolés M. Subjective symptoms related to GSM radiation from mobile phone base stations: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open 2013; 3(12): e003836. (9 pages).

IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. Non-ionizing radiation, part 2: radiofrequency electromagnetic fields volume 102. [online]. 2013; [cited 2019 Apr 16]. Available from: URL: https://monographs.iarc.fr/iarc-monographs-on-the-evaluationof-carcinogenic-risks-to-humans-14/.

Mild KH, Repacholi M, van Deventer E, Ravazzani P, editors. Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: proceedings, International workshop on EMF hypersensitivity, Prague, Czech Republic, October 25-27, 2004. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2006.

International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection: ICNIRP. Guidelines for limiting exposure to time-varying electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields (up to 300 GHz). Health Phys 1998; 74(4): 494-522.

Manatarakul N, Thansandote A, Gajda G, Lemay E, Chancunapas P, Mcnamee JP. Measurements of ground-level emissions from mobile phone base stations in Bangkok using a low-cost RF field measurement system. ASEAN J Radiol 2005; XI(III): 181-8.

สำนักงานคณะกรรมการกิจการกระจายเสียง กิจการโทรทัศน์ และกิจการโทรคมนาคมแห่งชาติ (กสทช.). สนามแม่เหล็กไฟฟ้าความถี่วิทยุ และสุขภาพ คำถามที่พบบ่อย. พิมพ์ครั้งที่ 2. กรุงเทพฯ: บริษัท ศิริชัยการพิมพ์ จำกัด; 2559. หน้า 33.

Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE). IEEE Std C95.3-2002 (R2008) recommended practice for measurements and computations of radio frequency electromagnetic fields with respect to human exposure to such fields, 100 kHz-300 GHz. New York, USA: IEEE; 2003.

สำนักงานคณะกรรมการกิจการกระจายเสียง กิจการโทรทัศน์ และกิจการโทรคมนาคมแห่งชาติ (กสทช.). สนามแม่เหล็กไฟฟ้าความถี่วิทยุ และสุขภาพ คำถามที่พบบ่อย. พิมพ์ครั้งที่ 2. กรุงเทพฯ: บริษัท ศิริชัยการพิมพ์ จำกัด; 2559. หน้า 3, 4 และ 58.

Zeleke BM, Brzozek C, Bhatt CR, Abramson MJ, Croft RJ, Freudenstein F, et al. Personal exposure to radio frequency electromagnetic fields among Australian adults. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2018; 15: 2234. (10 pages).