The Effect of Brief Intervention for Smoking Cessation in Nonthaburi’s Primary Care Unit

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Sirirat Sangariyavanich

Abstract

Background: In 2018, the current smokers in Thailand were estimated about 19.1 percent of Thai population. Smoking cessation will reduce morbidity and mortality from smoking-related cardiovascular disease and smoking-related cancer. From the past publications, brief intervention had efficacy in promoting smoking cessation. This intervention was also delivered opportunistically to the patients with chronic disease in Nonthaburi’s primary care unit.
Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the brief intervention for smoking cessation in the primary care setting.
Methods: Patients received the brief intervention in three primary care units of Bangkruay district (Nonthaburi Province) between October 2018 and December 2019 were identified. Demographic data and smoking behavior were analyzed.
Results: Forty-seven patients were included. Patients smoked an average of 15 cigarettes per day for an average of 40.68 year. After receiving the brief intervention, patients smoked less cigarettes per day significantly (p<0.05). Four patients had quit at the 4th follow-up (quit rate 8.5%). The predictive factor for successful smoking cessation in this study was education. The patients with higher education had more quit rate than lower education group significantly (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Brief intervention was found to be effective for smoking cessation in primary care setting. Its effects were both reducing patient’s daily smoking and increasing cessation rate.
Keywords: Smoking , Smoking Cessation , Brief Intervention

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References

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